All of these digital editions present material from published volumes, including editorial annotations and transcriptions of thousands of documents. This subscription collection also provides powerful advanced search features. Part of the George Washington University's Documentary History of the First Federal Congress, project, this searchable online exhibit provides access not only to primary materials, but also to a teachers' guide and other resources.
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A list of resources and links to digital collections. Documents from the Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention, This collection, presented by American Memory, includes excerpts from Congressional journals, resolutions, proclamations, committee reports, treaties, and early printed versions of the United States Constitution and the Declaration of Independence.
Papers of George Washington Digital Edition. This Rotunda collection includes all 59 volumes of the print edition published up to , encompassing five series and the complete diaries. Users can search by keyword, date, author, and recipient. The indexing of the print volumes is combined into a single online master index, and all internal document cross-references are linked. The digitized content may be navigated by series, date, or index entry. Contains approximately 7, interrogations of members of the crew of ships taken during the American Revolutionary War and Fourth Anglo-Dutch War ca.
It shows images of each interrogation of two, three, sometimes even six or more pages. Answers to the fourteen most researched questions are transcribed and stored in a searchable database. John Jay, Papers of An online index and database of over 13, documents, including correspondence, memos, diaries, etc.
Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition This site provides searchable full text of the Nebraska edition of the Lewis and Clark journals as well as images, audio files, Native American perspectives, and other texts. People of the Founding Era. The collection, selection, and publication of the correspondence of great and not so great Americans has a history nearly as old as the nation's.
Volumes of letters began appearing by the early nineteenth century, including those authored by obscure as well as by famous men. The goal of People of the Founding Era is twofold: one is biographical; the other is prosopographical. These important and complementary approaches allow the user to discover a complex and rich set of offerings. Revolutionary War Era Orderly Books. Orderly Books were the controlling document of day-to-day life in the military, most notably during the Revolutionary War.
These are handwritten volumes documenting military orders, movements and engagements by brigade, regiment, company and other specific military units between and Sid Lapidus Collection on Liberty and the American Revolution Donated to the Princeton Library, this collection includes more than books, pamphlets and prints representing the following themes: the intellectual origins of the American Revolution; the Revolution itself; the early years of the republic; the resulting spread of democratic ideas in the Atlantic world; and the effort to abolish the slave trade in both Great Britain and the United States.
The Atlantic Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Americas: A Visual Record Compiled by the University of Virginia, this collection includes 1, images from a wide range of sources, most of them dating from the period of slavery. Black Abolitionist Archive From the s to the Civil War, close to black abolitionists who were involved in the antislavery movement.
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This University of Detroit Mercy collection provides access to over speeches by antebellum blacks and approximately 1, editorials from the period. Born in Slavery: Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers' Project, Contains more than 2, first-person accounts of slavery and black-and-white photographs of former slaves. California Underground Railroad more The digital archive documents a compelling chapter of California history.
Launched as part of the Cal State Sacramento's celebration of Black History Month , the archive includes digital images of letters, journals, photographs, documents, newspapers and more to tell the often overlooked experiences of African-American slaves in California. Documenting the American South: North American Slave Narratives This digital initiative, by the University Library at the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, provides access to texts, images, and audio files related to southern history, literature, and culture. The Dred Scott Case Collection The records displayed in this exhibit document the Scotts' early struggle to gain their freedom through litigation and are the only extant records of this significant case as it was heard in the St.
Louis Circuit Court. This collection was expanded from 85 - documents, over pages of text. Freedmen and Southern Society Project This project of the University of Maryland draws on materials from the National Archives of the United States to document people's movement from slavery to emancipation.
Freedom on the Move: A database of Fugitives from North American Slavery The goal is to compile all North American slave runaway ads and make them available for statistical, geographical, textual, and other forms of analysis. The collection includes nearly all existing legislative petitions on the subject of race and slavery. Documents in Series II: Petitions to Southern County Courts, were collected from local courthouses, and show the realities of slavery at the grassroots level in southern society. Primary sources included are from the papers business and financial records, diaries, letterbooks, correspondence, etc.
Race Relations in America. Based at Fisk University from , the Race Relations Department and its annual Institute were set up by the American Missionary Association to investigate problem areas in race relations and develop methods for educating communities and preventing conflict. The resource is provided by Adam Matthew. Records of Slave Ship Movement Between Africa and the Americas, This site provides access to the raw data and documentation which contains information on slave ship movement between Africa and the Americas from Specifically, the data file contains information on the ship's port of arrival, date of arrival, type of vessel, tonnage, master's name, number of guns, number of crew, national flag, number of slaves, port of departure, number of days of voyage, and mortality.
The project will also locate and make available related newspaper, legal and other materials. Samuel J. May Anti-Slavery Collection more The over 10, items in this Cornell University collection include pamphlets, leaflets, broadsides, newsletters, and other ephemera documenting anti-slavery efforts at the local, regional, and national levels, beginning in Slave Movement During the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries Provides access to raw data and documentation which contains information on slave trade topics from the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
This site provides access to the raw data and documentation which contains information on slave trade topics from the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries: records of slave ship movement between Africa and the Americas, slave ships of eighteenth century France, slave trade to Rio de Janeiro, Virginia slave trade in the eighteenth century, English slave trade House of Lords Survey , Angola slave trade in the eighteenth century, internal slave trade to Rio de Janeiro, slave trade to Havana, Cuba, Nantes slave trade in the eighteenth century, and slave trade to Jamaica.
Slavery, Abolition and Social Justice, Close attention is given to the varieties of slavery, the legacy of slavery, the social justice perspective and the continued existence of slavery today. It also includes significant coverage of US court records from the local, regional and Supreme Court level. Close attention is being given to the varieties of slavery, the legacy of slavery, the social justice perspective and the continued existence of slavery today. Provided by Gale-Cengage. These collections cover the transatlantic slave trade, the legal, personal, and economic aspects of the slavery system, and the dynamics of emancipation in the U.
It includes digital access to a variety of primary sources: legaldocuments, court records, plantation records, company records,first-person accounts, newspaper articles, government documents and much more.
Also includes reference articles and links to websites, biographies, chronologies, bibliographies to give background and context for further research. The documents, most from the Law Library and the Rare Book and Special Collections Division of the Library of Congress, comprise an assortment of trials and cases, reports, arguments, accounts, examinations of cases and decisions, proceedings, journals, a letter, and other works of historical importance. Texas Slavery Project Examines the expansion of slavery in the borderlands between the United States and Mexico in the years between and Based at the Virginia Center for Digital History, the project provides dynamic maps that plot the flows of slavery throughout Texas and a population search engine.
Also includes primary sources such as personal letters, newspaper articles, constitutions and legal documents. Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database This database, sponsored by a number of research institutions, provides information on around 35, slaving voyages that forcibly embarked over 10 million Africans to the Americas between the 16th and 19th centuries.
Pocahontas - Wikipedia
The Understanding Slavery initiative USI A national learning project which supports the teaching and learning of transatlantic slavery and its legacies using museum and heritage collections. Six museums across the UK have worked in partnership to share expertise, develop resources, training opportunities and school sessions. Almost 7 hours of recorded interviews took place between and in nine Southern states.
Antebellum Era The Dred Scott Case Collection The records displayed in this exhibit document the Scotts' early struggle to gain their freedom through litigation and are the only extant records of this significant case as it was heard in the St. He explained that he was captured and taken to the paramount chief where "two great stones were brought before Powhatan: then as many as could layd hands on him [Smith], dragged him to them, and thereon laid his head, and being ready with their clubs, to beate out his braines, Pocahontas the Kings dearest daughter, when no intreaty could prevaile, got his head in her armes, and laid her owne upon his to save him from death.
Karen Ordahl Kupperman suggests that Smith used such details to embroider his first account, thus producing a more dramatic second account of his encounter with Pocahontas as a heroine worthy of Queen Anne's audience. She argues that its later revision and publication was Smith's attempt to raise his own stock and reputation, as he had fallen from favor with the London Company which had funded the Jamestown enterprise.
Gleach suggests that Smith's second account was substantially accurate but represents his misunderstanding of a three-stage ritual intended to adopt him into the confederacy,   but not all writers are convinced, some suggesting the absence of certain corroborating evidence.
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Early histories did establish that Pocahontas befriended Smith and the Jamestown colony. She often went to the settlement and played games with the boys there. In late , an injury from a gunpowder explosion forced Smith to return to England for medical care, and the colonists told the Powhatans that he was dead. Pocahontas believed that account and stopped visiting Jamestown, but she learned that he was living in England when she traveled there with her husband John Rolfe.
Pocahontas's capture occurred in the context of the First Anglo-Powhatan War , a conflict between the Jamestown settlers and the Indians which began late in the summer of Captain Samuel Argall , in the meantime, pursued contacts with Indian tribes in the northern portion of Powhatan's paramount chiefdom. The Patawomecks lived on the Potomac River and were not always loyal to Powhatan, and living with them was a young English interpreter named Henry Spelman. In March , Argall learned that Pocahontas was visiting the Patawomeck village of Passapatanzy and living under the protection of the Weroance Iopassus also known as Japazaws.
With Spelman's help translating, Argall pressured Iopassus to assist in Pocahontas's capture by promising an alliance with the colonists against the Powhatans. A long standoff ensued, during which the colonists kept Pocahontas captive. During the year-long wait, she was held at Henricus in Chesterfield County, Virginia. Little is known about her life there, although colonist Ralph Hamor wrote that she received "extraordinary courteous usage". A truce had been called, the Indians still far outnumbered the English, and the colonists feared retaliation. Upon her baptism, she took the Christian name "Rebecca".
In March , the stand-off escalated to a violent confrontation between hundreds of colonists and Powhatan men on the Pamunkey River , and the colonists encountered a group of senior Indian leaders at Powhatan's capital of Matchcot. The colonists allowed Pocahontas to talk to her tribe when Powhatan arrived, and she reportedly rebuked him for valuing her "less than old swords, pieces, or axes".
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She said that she preferred to live with the colonists "who loved her". Mattaponi tradition holds that Pocahontas's first husband was Kocoum, brother of the Patawomeck weroance Japazaws, and that Kocoum was killed by the colonists after his wife's capture in Kocoum's identity, location, and very existence have been widely debated among scholars for centuries; the only mention of a "Kocoum" in any English document is a brief statement written about by William Strachey in England that Pocahontas had been living married to a "private captaine called Kocoum" for two years. During her stay in Henricus , Pocahontas met John Rolfe.
Rolfe established the Virginia plantation Varina Farms where he cultivated a new strain of tobacco.watch
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He was a pious man and agonized over the potential moral repercussions of marrying a heathen, though in fact Pocahontas had accepted the Christian faith and taken the baptismal name Rebecca. In a long letter to the governor requesting permission to wed her, he expressed his love for Pocahontas and his belief that he would be saving her soul. He wrote that he was.